Generated column definitions have this syntax:
col_name data_type [GENERATED ALWAYS] AS (expression) [VIRTUAL | STORED] [NOT NULL | NULL] [UNIQUE [KEY]] [[PRIMARY] KEY] [COMMENT 'string']
AS (expression) indicates that the column is generated and defines the expression used to compute column values. AS may be preceded by GENERATED ALWAYS to make the generated nature of the column more explicit. Constructs that are permitted or prohibited in the expression are discussed later.
The VIRTUAL or STORED keyword indicates how column values are stored, which has implications for column use:
VIRTUAL: Column values are not stored, but are evaluated when rows are read, immediately after any BEFORE triggers. A virtual column takes no storage.
InnoDB supports secondary indexes on virtual columns. See Section 188.8.131.52, “Secondary Indexes and Generated Columns”.
STORED: Column values are evaluated and stored when rows are inserted or updated. A stored column does require storage space and can be indexed.
The default is VIRTUAL if neither keyword is specified.
It is permitted to mix VIRTUAL and STORED columns within a table.